If Haiti can ecologically dream in this direction, her nation will become prosperous once again. Agriculture is the largest sector of the Haitian economy, employing roughly half of the labor force but accounting for only about one-fourth of the gross domestic product. Although only one-fifth of the land is considered suitable for agriculture, more than two-fifths is under cultivation.
Deforestation in Haiti is a serious problem that began with a high need for fuel for processing sugarcane during colonial times and continues today with the demand for fuelwood and charcoal.
Terrace farming, with its retaining walls and embankments along the contours of the land serves many purposes, including the prevention of soil erosion, the reduction of water runoff, and the improvement of water retention.